The dream of retirement is a lifelong aspiration, with most of us slowly building a Pension over a number of decades to ensure a comfortable and leisurely time in later life.
Typically, your retirement age will be around the State Pension age, although you can choose to take your Personal Pension from 55. Alternatively, some people choose to work well beyond their 60s.
Whatever decision you make on when to retire, it is very important to give it plenty of thought. There are advantages and disadvantages to each available option…
Early Retirement (60)
There’s an obvious benefit to retiring early, it gives you more time to enjoy life! And it isn’t necessarily as difficult as you might think. If you started investing £500 a month at the age of 25, with a growth rate of 5% a year after fees (such as those for advice and the funds you hold), you could have built a pot worth £570,000 by the age of 60.
However, just because you can, it doesn’t necessarily mean you should. Five extra years of work could make a significant difference to your ultimate pension pot, especially as these years are likely to be well paid with opportunity to commit more to your pension. Why walk away from an even richer retirement in your sixties?
Another consideration before taking early retirement is how long you will potentially live. If you retired at 60, but lived until 95, would your pension cover 35 years of expenditure?
Also think about purpose. There’s a great sense of fulfilment from a weekly routine working towards a bigger picture. If you’ve got the energy, you could work part time and make even more money towards your retirement.
Nevertheless, if you can afford early retirement and it fits with your life, this could be a good decision for you.
Retiring at State Pension Age (65+)
For many people, retiring at the typical State Pension age will make sense. In theory, you’ll have been investing for at least three decades, which should have grown to a sufficient level to fund your retirement.
For example, if you are a man born in 1987, and invested £500 a month from the age of 25, by the time you hit your state pension age of 68 years old in 2055, your 43 years of £500 investments could be worth over £900,000 based on a growth rate of 5% a year after fees. That should be more than enough to retire on for the average person, and that doesn’t even factor in employer contributions towards your pension or the state pension provision.
What you should keep in mind is that the state pension age will rise. It isn’t something that can be relied on, so you may want to make your own target retirement plan. This places you in control, allowing you to see how much money you will need to invest towards retiring at your desired age.
Retiring Later (68+)
Time is money. The longer you invest for, the more opportunity you have to grow your money. Working beyond the retirement age could provide further income in retirement. If you only started to invest later in your career, you may want to work a little longer to ensure you have enough to retire on.
It may also be the case that you genuinely enjoy work. If you are fulfilled in your job and have the energy, why not keep on going to top up your pension pot? The advantage of this is that you may be in a position to contribute a greater portion of your salary towards your retirement.
Key Things to Consider
- True Potential’s own ‘Tackling the Savings Gap’ research shows that most Brits think they’ll need £23,000 a year in retirement to live comfortably. However, based on actual savings behaviour, people in the UK are on course to receive an income of just £6,000 per year from their retirement fund.
- What are your current monthly outgoings and what will you spend in retirement? If you can work out roughly how much you’ll spend in retirement, you’ll have a pretty good idea of how big your pension pot needs to be. A good rule of thumb is to multiply your annual income needs by 25, so to retire on £23,000 aim for a pot of at least £575,000.
- Consider the finer details. How will you take your Pension? Will you take tax free cash? How will inflation impact the buying power of your Pension? Educate yourself on these important details and take advice where necessary.
- Remember, this is your retirement, with your own unique circumstances and individual needs. Do what is right for you.
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